State government still remains one of the last non-quilized areas, playing an important role in our lives. In addition to the lagging from modern trends, many governments do not have a sufficient level of support from citizens. The study of the consulting company EDELMAN TRUST BAROMETER has shown that last year 41% of the world’s population did not trust the management of their countries.
At the same time, the rapid development of decentralized systems, AI, global digitalization and the growth of the influence of the private sector, are increasingly transformed by the world, forcing the traditional forms of government to fear displacement. However, some governments are already beginning to move their powers into the digital world. In the article, we looked at how technologies will be able to replace state structures, existing examples of such delegation and further prospects.
Moving government functions into digital space
Countries and their governments are inevitably tied to certain territories, and public services are usually provided through physical institutions. However, the current infrastructure will soon migrate into the virtual space.
One of the most significant examples of the coming changes are innovative solutions of Estonia. With the help of the E-Estonia project, the country is included in the technological government era. Due to the movement of many government functions in the cloud, residents can interact with the authorities almost completely through the server. By 2007, citizens could already vote directly from their homes.
Estonia also use reliable cryptographic digital signatures, and each stage of the legislative process is available on the network. The health registry is completely translated into the blockchain, which allows patients to access their own medical data from anywhere in the world. Citizens can view not only history, but also X-rays, digital recipes, medical records and track who has access to them.
Today, most banks close their branches, since 99% of payment transactions are held online. By 2020, taxation will be fully automated. To do this, launch a new portal, which will ensure autonomous data exchange between companies and fiscal bodies.
The electronic identifier and personal PIN code allow citizens to gain access to the voting system, civil courts, land registers, banking services, taxes and practically any civil service. However, perhaps the most outstanding breakthrough was the launch of an electronic residence, which allows any resident of the planet to remotely register its business in the country.
Although this identifier does not provide territorial rights, but more than 5 thousand e-residents have created companies in Estonian jurisdiction. After online registration, entrepreneurs pay automated taxes and in minutes can start working.
The electronic governments and management systems, like any open source software, can be copied without problems and is applied by any group or movement for the formation of its own state. Soon we can observe the growth of ecosystems testing new digital infrastructures competing with the main governments.
Application of AI in the legal sphere
Almost a year ago, the United Arab Emirates became the first country, which introduced the post of Minister for the Development of Artificial Intelligence. Its responsibilities include digitalization of public services and reducing the costs of their provision. Other initiatives are prepared by other initiatives, among which the creation of police robots by 2030.
In the UK, the Committee on Artificial Intelligence is currently operating, and on the last World Government Summit, world leaders discussed the principles of global regulation of AI. As this technology is improved, the government and the private sector are developing new products that will be implemented everywhere. Already, 3 directions in this area can be distinguished.
Face recognition systems and biometrics will soon begin to replace traditional checkpoints. The London company Cubic Transportation Systems is working on automatic recognition of persons for transport barriers. Biometric systems will outpace the passport database checks.
China has already started moving in this direction. The Alibaba Ant Financial division offers to confirm the digital payments using the Smile Function function. National persons control systems allow passengers to sit on airplanes, employees enter offices, and students in the audience. They provide automatic surveillance of shipments on borders, international travelers and are able to conduct cross-checks on various databases and make decisions about passing or ban on entry.
Using prognostic analytics, China also integrates the system of state observation and data exchange in law enforcement. It collects data related to offenses, medicine, transactions, travel documents and social networks into a single «police cloud» to detect suspects and predictions of future crimes.
However, the imminent is not alone in their endeavors. This year, during the London carnival of Notting Hill, the British police used the recognition system with cross-references to crime data for preliminary identification and tracking of probable offenders.
Artificial intelligence can soon be part of the judicial system. The researchers have developed several programs that are capable of predicting the results of court sessions with high accuracy. The US National Bureau of Economic Studies already uses data from hundreds of thousands of New York affairs to make decisions on guarantee.
Although the AI makes it possible to simplify the procedure, but there are problems associated with the human factor. One of them is biased or biased solutions in terms of historical data. Another thing is that power may abuse the information received. Therefore, the increase in data collection is associated with certain risks, but the solution can be a union with the blockchain.
Transparent management and accountability
In addition to AI, a huge impact on government systems begins to provide blockchain. Decentralization makes it impossible to falsify the data. Perhaps it is for this reason that many governments are in no hurry to integrate this technology, fearing transparent controls. However, the benefits of implementing are too large to ignore them.
First of all, the blockchain will ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. The transaction-made can not be deleted or changed, which will free power from coercion to pay taxes.
The technology will also help in the sphere of cybersecurity. Future national networks connecting IoT, cameras and sensors together with the blockchain can automatically protect digital devices from cyberak.
Smart contracts will provide transaction automation and transparency, which will eliminate fraud under monetary translations, the conclusion of public contracts and in the field of charity. The UN World Food Program has already launched a pilot project to manage the help of Syrian refugees in Jordan on the blockchain.
So far, it is difficult to say whether the development of AI and the blockchain will lead to the creation of new forms of board or completely digital government. However, they will certainly help fight bureaucracy and subjectivism, although such cardinal changes can occur only during the crisis or revolution.
Nevertheless, now individual groups are planning to create their own islands for the formation of new countries and declare blockchers. In the future, the colonies outside the land will begin to appear, in which people will be able to start a new life in other rules. In any case, the transition to digital governments is inevitable and we will soon see how they will begin to displace traditional power systems.
The development of technology will have an impact not only on government systems, but also on the criminal sphere. We offer to learn O.