Scientists first studied the trajectory of the beam in six dimensions

The UT-Ornl researchers team conducted the first complete study of the characteristics of the beam of the linear accelerator of particles in six dimensions.

Six-dimensional space includes three additional coordinates for each main axis for fixing motion or speed. Scientists argue that in a 6D beam, there is so complex structure consisting of the mass of the layers, which is impossible to distinguish it even in four-dimensional space. The study also revealed that the structure of the beam is complicated as its intensity increases.

Former attempts to fully characterize the beam of the accelerator failed due to the «curse of dimension», at which the highest measurements of observation in small scales are exponentially complicated. To bypass this problem, scientists combined three two-dimensional spaces to create pseudo-6d representation.

Researchers say that this study helps to better understand the nature of the motion of energy and matter on the quantum level, as well as it is vital to create models of more powerful accelerators in hundreds of megawatts. It is expected that these patterns will be studied over the next decade.